Corporate Agriculture Austalia

Climate & Land Use


Australia has a widely varied climate, from Mediterranean in the South West to temperate in the East to tropical in the North. While much of the Australian continent is arid or semi-arid, over 53% of the total land area is used for some form of agricultural production. Some 6.4% of the 7.6 million square kilometre continental landmass is considered arable, with 49 million ha capable of crop production. Australia has the sixth largest arable land area of any country in the world; the top six countries containing 50% of the world’s arable land.

Whilst urban encroachment, environmental demands and climate shifts are significantly reducing the worlds arable farmland area each year, the arable land area in Australia remains little changed due to low population density and already established environmental safeguards.

Equipped with the skills and strategies needed to meet the challenges of changing climatic conditions, Australian farmers have continued to evolve their farming methods to produce higher yields at lower costs across a range of farming environments.

Australian Climate

Click map to display larger image.



With Australian farms occupying over 50% of the national landmass, farmers have a direct responsibility to environmentally manage their farmlands to the benefit of the greater community. Australian farmers spend billions of dollars each year preventing & eradicating weeds and pests and managing soil, native vegetation and land and water related issues on their properties.

Leading the way in natural resource management and sustainable development, Australian farmers have nearly halved their greenhouse gas emissions in the last 20 years. Significant steps have also been made in the continual plantation of more trees for environmental and conservation purposes.

In addition in July 2012 a carbon tax was introduced into Australia. While agriculture is exempt from this tax, it provides significant opportunities for carbon sequestration projects and already we have seen many Australian farmers planting trees to obtain carbon credits to trade.