Corporate Agriculture Austalia

States

Australia is a federation of six states and two territories. Each state varies in its climatic influences, commodity production, export facilities and marketing focus.

Agricultural production in the Eastern states is generally geared towards domestic consumption, as approx. 90% of the Australian population inhabits the East coast.

In contrast, Western Australian agricultural production is largely export oriented, as it has a relatively small population compared to other parts of Australia. For example in the decade to 2010, Western Australia’s wheat exports accounted for 75% of the national total, even though it only produced 40% of Australia’s wheat.

A general outline of key state’s agricultural production is given below:

Western Australia

States

crops

Mainly dry land cropping, Western Australian crop production is primarily focused in the South Western part of the state, which has a Mediterranean climate (wet winter / dry summer) and crops approximately 8.5 million hectares of land per annum.

Western Australia is the country’s largest producer and/or exporter of:

  • wheat
  • barley
  • oats
  • canola
  • lupins

Western Australia is also the world’s largest producer of Chia and can be a significant producer of chickpeas under irrigation in the tropical far North of the state.

livestock

States

Livestock production is centred in the South West of the state and throughout the state’s semi-arid regions. Western Australia is the world’s largest exporter of live sheep and goats, a major exporter of cattle and a major producer of wool.

New South Wales

crops

New South Wales has a temperate climate, with crop production focused in the Central portion of the state.

Cropping approx. 7.5 million hectares per annum, New South Wales is Australia’s largest producer and exporter of chickpeas and pulses and the nation’s largest producer of rice and cotton. The state has strong irrigation potential when there is adequate water available.

Livestock

livestock

New South Wales is Australia’s largest producer and exporter of:

  • sheep meat
  • lamb
  • pork
  • wool

Queensland

crops

Queensland comprises both subtropical and tropical climate zones, with the majority of crop production centred in the Southern and Central Western parts of the state, cropping approx. 2.8 million hectares per annum.

Queensland is Australia’s largest producer of sorghum and sugar and a significant producer of nut crops. Queensland also has the capacity to be a major producer of pulses and cereals.

livestock

Livestock are farmed throughout the state. Queensland is Australia’s largest producer and exporter of beef and the world’s largest exporter of live cattle.

Victoria

Crops in Victoria

crops

The Southern part of Victoria has a semi-temperate climate, with crop production around 4.2 million hectares per annum. Victoria is a major producer of wheat, barley, pulses and canola.

livestock

Mainly centred on sheep and dairy farming, Victoria is Australia’s largest dairy product producing and exporting state. Victoria is also a significant producer of lamb, mutton and beef.

South Australia

crops

The Southern and Eastern portion of South Australia has a blend of Mediterranean and semi-temperate climates, with crop production around 4.5 million hectares per annum. South Australia is a major producer of wheat, barley, pulses and canola.

livestock

Mainly centred on sheep production, South Australia is considered the home of the Australian Merino sheep and is a major producer of wool and sheep meat. South Australia is also a producer of beef and has some dairying.